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Mesopotamia Vocabulary  

Mesopotamia Vocabulary

1.     Civilization- a society with cities, a government that’s run by official leaders and workers, and social classes, as well as religion, achievements, and economics.

2.    City-states- a city and its surrounding lands functioning as an independent political unit.

3.    Ziggurat- a tiered or layered pyramid shaped structure that formed part of a Sumerian temple.

4.    Delta- a piece of land shaped like a triangle that is formed when a river splits into smaller rivers before it flows into an ocean

5.    Silt- a mixture of rich soil, minerals, and tiny rocks.

6.    Tigris and Euphrates River- the two rivers that surround Mesopotamia. These rivers would flood and provide silt that made soil fertile.

7.    Cuneiform- a system of writing that uses wedge-shaped marks etched into clay.

8.    Scribe-a skilled person who records information through writing.

9.    Epic-a poem that tells a story of heroic deeds-either fictional or real.

10.  Mesopotamia-means the land between rivers or the land between two rivers. This was the site of the world’s first civilization, Sumer.

11.  Sumer-the world’s first civilization.

12.  Levees- created by the Sumerians and used to control flooding of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

13.  Empire- a collection of kingdoms under the power of one ruler.

14.  Gilgamesh- one of Mesopotamia’s most legendary figures from the Sumerian city of Uruk.

15.  Barrier- a boundary of any kind.

16.  Fertile Crescent- a large arc of rich, or fertile farmland extending from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf made possible by the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.

17.  Polytheism- the belief in many gods.

18.  Architecture- the art or science of designing and creating buildings

19.  Cataract-a large waterfall.

20. Canal- a long narrow place that is filled with water and was created by people so that boats could pass through it or to supply fields, crops, etc., with water


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